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Child Development Milestones in Preschool

January 16, 2020

Child development milestones are a series of physical, emotional, social, and cognitive skills and behaviors seen in children as they grow up. Things, like naming colors, counting, remembering songs, and standing on one foot, are all developmental milestones for preschool-aged kids. Milestones help us understand what to expect as your child grows, like a checklist, to reassure parents that their kid is on the right track with his peers. Furthermore, milestones help you identify possible problems with their development.

It’s crucial you don’t take these milestones as a list to hold children by. We all learn and grow at our own pace. Monitoring the development of your child is something that should be done by family and caregivers as a team, this way you address any developmental delay as soon as possible. Each child is unique, so keep in mind that not all kids are going to reach these milestones at the same time. In this post, Tiniciti Preschool provides a checklist of the developmental milestones of Preschool-aged kids (3-5 years old).

3 Year Old Milestones

Cognitive Development:

  • Classifying objects by general categories
  • Counting objects
  • Identifying some colors
  • Attempting to draw faces
  • Knowing their gender
  •  Learns to dress by themselves

Motor Development (Fine & Gross):

  • Walking and running
  • Running around obstacles
  • Pedaling a tricycle
  • Alternating feet when climbing stairs
  • Balancing on one foot for about 3 seconds
  • Catching and throwing large balls
  • Drawing circles and lines
  • Stacking and playing with building blocks
  • Putting together simple puzzles
  • Painting with fingers

Social Development:

  • Beginning to ask for help (starting to recognize their limits)
  • Playing near other children
  • Following simple directions like putting away toys
  • Making simple choices
  • Noticing other people’s feelings and moods
  • Showing affection for friends and family

Language Development:

  • Strangers understand about 75% of their speech
  • Using pronouns in conversation
  • Speaking in simple yet complete sentences
  • Knowing name and age
  • Knowing friends and family members’ names
  • Matching pictures to objects

4 Year Old Milestones

Cognitive Development:

  • Drawing faces
  • Playing pretend
  • Making marks and scribbles on paper
  • Drawing basic shapes, trees, animals, etc.
  • Understanding some prepositions
  • Remembering objects
  • Classifying objects by category
  • Matching identical pictures
  • Matching and sorting colors

Motor Development (Fine & Gross):

  • Jumping, running, and turning are more controlled
  • Hopping on one foot at least twice
  • Catching and throwing balls overhead and under head
  • Brushing teeth, combing hair, and getting dressed with little assistance
  • Cutting on a line

Social Development:

  • Starting to experience jealousy
  • Greets friends and family
  • Playing with other kids
  • Taking turns, sharing, cooperating with peers
  • Listening to stories without getting distracted
  • Starting to express emotions verbally

Language Development:

  • Naming preferred toys and activities
  • Asking many questions with who, what, where, why, and when
  • Using complete sentences
  • Singing songs
  • Starting to differentiate between fantasy and reality
  • Starting to develop logical thinking
  • Talking about their day or past experiences in a simple manner

5 Year Old Milestones

Cognitive Development:

  • Counting very frequently
  • Drawing more objects and animals
  • Understands opposites
  • Putting together larger puzzles
  • Following instructions

Motor Development (Fine & Gross):

  • Running faster and with more coordination
  • Established hand preference
  • Walking on tiptoes
  • Making broader jumps
  • Better at balancing
  • Jumping rope
  • Skating and riding a bicycle around corners and obstacles
  • Coloring within the lines
  • Cutting and pasting
  • Better at catching and throwing balls
  • Walking backward
  • Cutting with scissors following outlines

Social Development:

  • Seeking praise from adults
  • Mimicking adults
  • Playing dress up and make-believe
  • Seeks to spend time with friends
  • Initiating friendships with peers
  • Asking for permission
  • Socializing with adults

Language Development:

  • Using conjunctions, possessives, plurals, pronouns, tenses, and prepositions
  • Describing items and objects in books
  • Can be understood by strangers
  • Using complex sentences
  • Interested in learning
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